PRIVACY Forum Archive Document
PRIVACY Forum Digest Tuesday, 8 February 1994 Volume 03 : Issue 03 Moderated by Lauren Weinstein (email@example.com) Vortex Technology, Woodland Hills, CA, U.S.A. ===== PRIVACY FORUM ===== The PRIVACY Forum digest is supported in part by the ACM Committee on Computers and Public Policy. CONTENTS The CERT advisory regarding Internet security (Lauren Weinstein; PRIVACY Forum Moderator) Crypto Experts Oppose Clipper (Dave Banisar) Cryptography: Policy and Technology Trends (Lance J. Hoffman) Personal Information Via the Internet (Diane Barlow Close) EFF Wants You (to add your voice to the crypto fight!) (Stanton McCandlish) Campaign Against Clipper (Dave Banisar) CFP'94 (Lance J. Hoffman) *** Please include a RELEVANT "Subject:" line on all submissions! *** *** Submissions without them may be ignored! *** ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- The Internet PRIVACY Forum is a moderated digest for the discussion and analysis of issues relating to the general topic of privacy (both personal and collective) in the "information age" of the 1990's and beyond. The moderator will choose submissions for inclusion based on their relevance and content. Submissions will not be routinely acknowledged. ALL submissions should be addressed to "firstname.lastname@example.org" and must have RELEVANT "Subject:" lines; submissions without appropriate and relevant "Subject:" lines may be ignored. Excessive "signatures" on submissions are subject to editing. Subscriptions are by an automatic "listserv" system; for subscription information, please send a message consisting of the word "help" (quotes not included) in the BODY of a message to: "email@example.com". Mailing list problems should be reported to "firstname.lastname@example.org". All submissions included in this digest represent the views of the individual authors and all submissions will be considered to be distributable without limitations. The PRIVACY Forum archive, including all issues of the digest and all related materials, is available via anonymous FTP from site "ftp ftp.vortex.com", in the "/privacy" directory. Use the FTP login "ftp" or "anonymous", and enter your e-mail address as the password. The typical "README" and "INDEX" files are available to guide you through the files available for FTP access. PRIVACY Forum materials may also be obtained automatically via e-mail through the listserv system. Please follow the instructions above for getting the listserv "help" information, which includes details regarding the "index" and "get" listserv commands, which are used to access the PRIVACY Forum archive. All PRIVACY Forum materials are also available through the Internet Gopher system via a gopher server on site "gopher.vortex.com/". For information regarding the availability of this digest via FAX, please send an inquiry to email@example.com, call (818) 225-2800, or FAX to (818) 225-7203. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- VOLUME 03, ISSUE 03 Quote for the day: "In every job that must be done, There is an element of fun! You find the fun, and snap [SNAP!], The job's a game!" -- Mary Poppins (Julie Andrews) "Mary Poppins" (1964) ============================================================================= | | Thanks to everyone who has been asking about the situation here since the | quake (the site is only about 5 miles from the epicenter and took a good | hit), and sorry for the delay since the last digest. While the systems were | nominally back up late the day of the quake, it has taken awhile to sort | through everything to get back to normal digest distributions. | | With riots, fires, earthquakes, and now, mud in some areas, folks around | L.A. may be starting to watch out for locusts (actually, the "killer" bees | are supposedly on the way...) but at least it doesn't get too cold--and | certainly it's never boring! If nothing else, those aftershocks keep you | on your toes! | | Thanks again for the notes of concern. | | Still rockin' and rollin'... | | --Lauren-- | | P.S. A number of essentially "anti-Clipper" submissions have been | received recently and are in this issue of the digest. | As always, I'd like to remind the readership that discussion of | both sides of these issues is invited, encouraged, and extremely | important! Don't feel that you have to hold a particularly | "popular" point of view to submit articles on a topic! | ============================================================================= ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Tue, 8 Feb 94 18:04 PST From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Lauren Weinstein; PRIVACY Forum Moderator) Subject: The CERT advisory regarding Internet security Greetings. As many or most of you probably know by now, there was within the last few days a rather detailed advisory from CERT regarding attacks on Internet systems via persons exploiting any available access to promiscuous ethernet interface device nodes. I am not going to repeat the bulletin here, since it is quite lengthy and available from many other sources. Many system administrators have long been aware of the vulnerability of such nodes, and have long since taken steps to remove or protect them. Of course, the security of systems is only as good as the weakest elements, and a system where outsiders can achieve privileged access, and so make use of promiscuous interfaces to monitor plaintext traffic between other nodes in the domain, is obviously going to have problems. It doesn't take a rocket scientist (computer scientist? brain surgeon?) to anticipate this kind of problem... --Lauren-- ------------------------------ Date: Mon, 24 Jan 1994 17:59:34 EST From: Dave Banisar <email@example.com> Subject: Crypto Experts Oppose Clipper More than three dozen of the nation's leading cryptographers, computer security specialists and privacy experts today urged President Clinton to abandon the controversial Clipper encryption proposal. The letter was coordinated by Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR), which has long sought to open the issue of cryptography policy to public debate The group cited the secrecy surrounding the proposal, widespread public opposition to the plan and privacy concerns as reasons why the initiative should not go forward. The letter comes at a crucial point in the debate on cryptography policy. An internal Administration review of the issue is nearing completion and the National Security Agency (NSA) is moving forward with efforts to deploy Clipper technology in civilian agencies, including the Internal Revenue Service. CPSR has sponsored several public conferences on cryptography and privacy and has litigated Freedom of Informa- tion Act cases seeking the disclosure of relevant government documents. In one pending FOIA case, CPSR is challenging the secrecy of the Skipjack algorithm which underlies the Clipper proposal. For additional information, contact Dave Banisar, CPSR Washington, DC, (202) 544-9240, <firstname.lastname@example.org>. ================================================================= January 24, 1994 The President The White House Washington, DC 20500 Dear Mr. President, We are writing to you regarding the "Clipper" escrowed encryption proposal now under consideration by the White House. We wish to express our concern about this plan and similar technical standards that may be proposed for the nation's communications infrastructure. The current proposal was developed in secret by federal agencies primarily concerned about electronic surveillance, not privacy protection. Critical aspects of the plan remain classified and thus beyond public review. The private sector and the public have expressed nearly unanimous opposition to Clipper. In the formal request for comments conducted by the Department of Commerce last year, less than a handful of respondents supported the plan. Several hundred opposed it. If the plan goes forward, commercial firms that hope to develop new products will face extensive government obstacles. Cryptographers who wish to develop new privacy enhancing technologies will be discouraged. Citizens who anticipate that the progress of technology will enhance personal privacy will find their expectations unfulfilled. Some have proposed that Clipper be adopted on a voluntary basis and suggest that other technical approaches will remain viable. The government, however, exerts enormous influence in the marketplace, and the likelihood that competing standards would survive is small. Few in the user community believe that the proposal would be truly voluntary. The Clipper proposal should not be adopted. We believe that if this proposal and the associated standards go forward, even on a voluntary basis, privacy protection will be diminished, innovation will be slowed, government accountability will be lessened, and the openness necessary to ensure the successful development of the nation's communications infrastructure will be threatened. We respectfully ask the White House to withdraw the Clipper proposal. Sincerely, Public Interest and Civil Liberties Organizations Marc Rotenberg, CPSR Conrad Martin, Fund for Constitutional Government William Caming, privacy consultant Simon Davies, Privacy International Evan Hendricks, US Privacy Council Simona Nass, Society for Electronic Access Robert Ellis Smith, Privacy Journal Jerry Berman, Electronic Frontier Foundation Cryptographers and Security Experts Bob Bales, National Computer Security Association Jim Bidzos, RSA Data Security Inc. G. Robert Blakley, Texas A&M University Stephen Bryen, Secured Communications Technologies, Inc. David Chaum, Digicash George Davida, University of Wisconsin Whitfield Diffie, Sun Microsystems Martin Hellman, Stanford University Ingemar Ingemarsson, Universitetet i Linkvping Ralph C. Merkle, Xerox PARC William Hugh Murray, security consultant Peter G. Neumann, SRI International Bart Preneel, Katolieke Universiteit Ronald Rivest, MIT Bruce Schneier, Applied Cryptography (1993) Richard Schroeppel, University of Arizona Stephen Walker, Trusted Information Systems Philip Zimmermann, Boulder Software Engineering Industry and Academia Andrew Scott Beals, Telebit International Mikki Barry, InterCon Systems Corporation David Bellin, North Carolina A&T University Margaret Chon, Syracuse University College of Law Laura Fillmore, Online BookStore Scott Fritchie, Twin-Cities Free Net Gary Marx, University of Colorado Ronald B. Natalie, Jr, Sensor Systems Inc. Harold Joseph Highland, Computers & Security Doug Humphrey, Digital Express Group, Inc Carl Pomerance, University of Georgia Eric Roberts, Stanford University Jonathan Rosenoer, CyberLaw & CyberLex Alexis Rosen, Public Access Networks Corp. Steven Zorn, Pace University Law School (affiliations are for identification purposes only) ------------------------------ Date: Sat, 29 Jan 1994 22:38:03 -0500 From: "Lance J. Hoffman" <email@example.com> Subject: Cryptography: Policy and Technology Trends The following report is available by anonymous ftp from ftp ftp.gwu.edu under directory /pub/hoffman. The document is stored under the name "cryptpol". It is a NIST-sponsored study. The table of contents and abstract follows here. CRYPTOGRAPHY: POLICY AND TECHNOLOGY TRENDS Lance J. Hoffman Faraz A. Ali Steven L. Heckler Ann Huybrechts December 1, 1993 CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1. INTRODUCTION 2. TECHNOLOGY 3. MARKET ANALYSIS 4. EXPORT CONTROLS 5. PUBLIC POLICY ISSUES 5.1 EXECUTIVE BRANCH 5.2 CONGRESS 5.3 TRENDS 6. POTENTIAL SCENARIOS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY During the past five years, encryption technology has become easily available to both individuals and businesses, affording them a level of security formerly available practically to only military, national security, and law enforcement agencies. As a result, a debate within the United States about the proper balance between national security and personal freedom has been initiated. Law enforcement and national security agencies would like to maintain tight control over civilian encryption technologies, while industry and individual and privacy rights advocates fight to expand their ability to distribute and use cryptographic products as they please. This report analyzes trends in encryption technology, markets, export controls, and legislation. It identifies five trends which will have a strong influence on cryptography policy in the United States: * The continued expansion of the Internet and the progressive miniaturization of cryptographic hardware combined with the increasing availability and use of strong cryptographic software means that the strongest encryption technologies will continue to become more easily obtainable everywhere in the years ahead. * Additional growth in networked and wireless communication will fuel a strong demand for encryption hardware and software both domestically and abroad, causing the U. S. high-technology industry to be increasingly interested in selling encryption products overseas and in modifying current export restrictions. * Due to the responsibilities and bureaucratic dispositions of key Executive Branch agencies, products using strong encryption algorithms such as DES will continue to face at least some export restrictions, despite the widespread availability of strong encryption products overseas. * The American public is likely to become increasingly concerned about its privacy and about cryptographic policy as a result of the increased amount of personal information available online and the growing number of wireless and networked communications. The development and increasingly widespread use of the National Information Infrastructure will heighten these concerns. * Encryption policy is becoming an important public policy issue that will engage the attention of all branches of government. Congress will become increasingly visible in this debate due to its power of agency oversight and its role in passing laws accommodating the United States' rapid rate of technological change. Agencies will remain very important since they have the implementing and, often, the planning responsibilities. Since individuals and industry have more direct influence over Congress than over most other branches of government, Congress may place somewhat more emphasis on personal freedom than many other government actors. Four potential scenarios are likely: mandatory escrowed encryption, voluntary escrowed encryption, complete decontrol of encryption, or domestic decontrol with strict export regulations. [ The complete document mentioned above is now available in the PRIVACY Forum archive. To access: Via Anon FTP: From site "ftp ftp.vortex.com": /privacy/crypt-plcy.1.Z or: /privacy/crypt-plcy.1 Via e-mail: Send mail to "firstname.lastname@example.org" with the line: get privacy crypt-plcy.1 as the first text in the BODY of your message. Via gopher: From the gopher server on site "gopher.vortex.com/" in the "*** PRIVACY Forum ***" area under "crypt-plcy.1". -- MODERATOR ] ------------------------------ Date: Mon, 24 Jan 1994 10:22:56 -0800 (PST) From: email@example.com (Diane Barlow Close) Subject: Personal Information Via the Internet I plan to submit this to RISKS, as well, but the issues cross both the risk and the privacy lines, so I thought readers of this digest would be interested in this too. I'm not trying to pick on Michael Bridgeman; I think that his company is merely the starting point in a discussion about the risks and effects that becoming part of the information highway raises for the Internet. Michael cancelled his original article before I could go back and retrieve a copy to include it in its entirety here (the RISKS of posting to the Internet, eh? :-). So what follows is about 3/4 of his original posting; only the contact info has been removed: Michael Bridgeman <firstname.lastname@example.org> writes: >Infotech is an Information Provider and we have recently begun providing >our services via the Internet. An partial list of some of our services >include: > >Individual Credit Reports * Business Credit Reports * Dun & Bradstreet >Pre-Tenant Background Check * SS# Locator Service * National Change of Addr >Difficult Phone Numbers * Nationwide Marriage, Divorce and Death Records >Criminal Records Search * Arrest & Convictions Records * Bank Acct Search >Real Property Search * Workers Comp Claims * Consumer Affairs Reports >Corporation Search * Tax Lien Search * Corp. Bankruptcy Search * Business >Name Search * DMV Records * Registered Voter Search * Nationwide Warrants > And MUCH MORE! > >Most requests are turned around with 24-48 hrs (depending upon complexity >and depth of report needed) Reports can be delivered via Internet, US Mail, ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ >Fax or Overnight. Infotech Adheres to the Fair Credit Reporting Act. >Payment may be made via Visa, Mastercard or in advance of services. > > All information is kept in the strictest confidence and PGP delivery is also > available ... [rest deleted] I am now aware that PGP stands for a very good encryption mechanism, but I still feel that there are risks in using the Internet for delivery of such personal information. Although PGP is "available", nowhere in the post does it say that he is going to use it all the time. I've been on the Internet for a long time (since '81) and I certainly will be the first to say that I don't follow every little nuance and new development, so it'll probably come as no surprise that I hadn't heard of PGP before. How many Internet newbie landlords are going to recognize that PGP means "worlds greatest encryption scheme"? :-) Besides, unless PGP is the ONLY way the info is sent via the Internet, the data won't be safe. Sending things via e-mail is just like posting them to a newsgroup as far as privacy goes. Personally, my biggest concern wasn't so much the passage of personal data through the system, encrypted or not, but the ease of faking e-mail so that some unscrupulous person could easily give you a fake e-mail address and personal data of another person to retrieve a copy of *that other person's* credit report. I wonder what kind of safeguards they have in place to prevent this, or to make sure that those who contact them via e-mail really are who they say they are? According to what I've read on misc.consumers and elsewhere, you can simply register with any of the credit reporting services as a landlord, and you don't even need an SSN# - just a name and address. $50 and a name and address. Scary, isn't it? So what's to prevent "anyjoe" from getting anyone's credit data through the Internet, now? With security there's not just protection of data, there's authentication. The old "how do I know that you're who you say you are" question. And, concern #3, if he has this data on his Internet site, how safe is it? How many security precautions has he taken on that site to protect the data? Unix machines on the Internet are notorious for having security holes that need to be plugged. A lot of questions and so far no answers! :-) Comments anyone? ------------------------------ Date: Mon, 7 Feb 1994 18:10:03 -0500 (EST) From: Stanton McCandlish <email@example.com> Subject: EFF Wants You (to add your voice to the crypto fight!) The Electronic Frontier Foundation needs your help to ensure privacy rights! * DISTRIBUTE WIDELY * Monday, February 7th, 1994 From: Jerry Berman, Executive Director of EFF firstname.lastname@example.org Dear Friends of the Electronic Frontier, I'm writing a personal letter to you because the time has now come for action. On Friday, February 4, 1994, the Administration announced that it plans to proceed on every front to make the Clipper Chip encryption scheme a national standard, and to discourage the development and sale of alternative powerful encryption technologies. If the government succeeds in this effort, the resulting blow to individual freedom and privacy could be immeasurable. As you know, over the last three years, we at EFF have worked to ensure freedom and privacy on the Net. Now I'm writing to let you know about something you can do to support freedom and privacy. *Please take a moment to send e-mail to U.S. Rep. Maria Cantwell (email@example.com) to show your support of H.R. 3627, her bill to liberalize export controls on encryption software.* I believe this bill is critical to empowering ordinary citizens to use strong encryption, as well as to ensuring that the U.S. software industry remains competitive in world markets. Here are some facts about the bill: Rep. Cantwell introduced H.R. 3627 in the House of Representatives on November 22, 1993. H.R. 3627 would amend the Export Control Act to move authority over the export of nonmilitary software with encryption capabilities from the Secretary of State (where the intelligence community traditionally has stalled such exports) to the Secretary of Commerce. The bill would also invalidate the current license requirements for nonmilitary software containing encryption capablities, unless there is substantial evidence that the software will be diverted, modified or re-exported to a military or terroristic end-use. If this bill is passed, it will greatly increase the availability of secure software for ordinary citizens. Currently, software developers do not include strong encryption capabilities in their products, because the State Department refuses to license for export any encryption technology that the NSA can't decipher. Developing two products, one with less secure exportable encryption, would lead to costly duplication of effort, so even software developed for sale in this country doesn't offer maximum security. There is also a legitimate concern that software companies will simply set up branches outside of this country to avoid the export restrictions, costing American jobs. The lack of widespread commercial encryption products means that it will be very easy for the federal government to set its own standard--the Clipper Chip standard. As you may know, the government's Clipper Chip initiative is designed to set an encryption standard where the government holds the keys to our private conversations. Together with the Digital Telephony bill, which is aimed at making our telephone and computer networks "wiretap-friendly," the Clipper Chip marks a dramatic new effort on the part of the government to prevent us from being able to engage in truly private conversations. We've been fighting Clipper Chip and Digital Telephony in the policy arena and will continue to do so. But there's another way to fight those initiatives, and that's to make sure that powerful alternative encryption technologies are in the hands of any citizen who wants to use them. The government hopes that, by pushing the Clipper Chip in every way short of explicitly banning alternative technologies, it can limit your choices for secure communications. Here's what you can do: I urge you to write to Rep. Cantwell today at firstname.lastname@example.org. In the Subject header of your message, type "I support HR 3627." In the body of your message, express your reasons for supporting the bill. EFF will deliver printouts of all letters to Rep. Cantwell. With a strong showing of support from the Net community, Rep. Cantwell can tell her colleagues on Capitol Hill that encryption is not only an industry concern, but also a grassroots issue. *Again: remember to put "I support HR 3627" in your Subject header.* This is the first step in a larger campaign to counter the efforts of those who would restrict our ability to speak freely and with privacy. Please stay tuned--we'll continue to inform you of things you can do to promote the removal of restrictions on encryption. In the meantime, you can make your voice heard--it's as easy as e-mail. Write to email@example.com today. Sincerely, Jerry Berman Executive Director, EFF firstname.lastname@example.org P.S. If you want additional information about the Cantwell bill, send e-mail to email@example.com. To join EFF, write firstname.lastname@example.org. For introductory info about EFF, send any message to email@example.com. The text of the Cantwell bill can be found on the Internet with the any of the following URLs (Universal Resource Locaters): ftp://ftp.eff.org/pub/Policy/Legislation/cantwell.bill http://www.eff.org/ftp/EFF/Policy/Legislation/cantwell.bill gopher://gopher.eff.org/00/EFF/legislation/cantwell.bill It will be available on AOL (keyword EFF) and CIS (go EFFSIG) soon. ------------------------------ Date: Mon, 7 Feb 1994 22:28:08 EST From: Dave Banisar <firstname.lastname@example.org> Subject: Campaign Against Clipper CPSR ANNOUNCES CAMPAIGN TO OPPOSE CLIPPER PROPOSAL contact: email@example.com (202 544 9240) Washington, DC -- Following the White House decision on Friday to endorse a secret surveillance standard for the information highway, Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR) today announced a national campaign to oppose the government plan. The Clipper proposal, developed in secret by the National Security Agency, is a technical standard that will make it easier for government agents to wiretap the emerging data highway. Industry groups, professional associations and civil liberties organizations have expressed almost unanimous opposition to the plan since it was first proposed in April 1993. According to Marc Rotenberg, CPSR Washington director, the Administration made a major blunder with Clipper. "The public does not like Clipper and will not accept it. This proposal is fatally flawed." CPSR cited several problems with the Clipper plan: o The technical standard is subject to misuse and compromise. It would provide government agents with copies of the keys that protect electronic communications. "It is a nightmare for computer security," said CPSR Policy Analyst Dave Banisar. o The underlying technology was developed in secret by the NSA, an intelligence agency responsible for electronic eavesdropping, not privacy protection. Congressional investigations in the 1970s disclosed widespread NSA abuses, including the illegal interception of millions of cables sent by American citizens. o Computer security experts question the integrity of the technology. Clipper was developed in secret and its specifications are classified. CPSR has sued the government seeking public disclosure of the Clipper scheme. o NSA overstepped its legal authority in developing the standard. A 1987 law explicitly limits the intelligence agency's power to set standards for the nation's communications network. o There is no evidence to support law enforcement's claims that new technologies are hampering criminal investigations. CPSR recently forced the release of FBI documents that show no such problems. o The Administration ignored the overwhelming opposition of the general public. When the Commerce Department solicited public comments on the proposal last fall, hundreds of people opposed the plan while only a few expressed support. CPSR today announced four goals for its campaign to oppose the Clipper initiative: o First, to educate the public about the implications of the Clipper proposal. o Second, to encourage people to express their views on the Clipper proposal, particularly through the computer network. Toward that goal, CPSR has already begun an electronic petition on the Internet computer network urging the President to withdraw the Clipper proposal. In less than one week, the CPSR campaign has drawn thousands of electronic mail messages expressing concern about Clipper. To sign on, email firstname.lastname@example.org with the message "I oppose clipper" in the body of the text. o Third, to pursue litigation to force the public disclosure of documents concerning the Clipper proposal and to test the legality of the Department of Commerce's decision to endorse the plan. o Fourth, to examine alternative approaches to Clipper. Mr. Rotenberg said "We want the public to understand the full implications of this plan. Today it is only a few experts and industry groups that understand the proposal. But the consequences of Clipper will touch everyone. It will affect medical payments, cable television service, and everything in between. CPSR is a membership-based public interest organization. For more information about CPSR, send email to email@example.com or call 415 322 3778. For more information about Clipper, check the CPSR Internet library CPSR.ORG. FTP/WAIS/Gopher and listserv access are available. ------------------------------ Date: Sun, 23 Jan 1994 10:44:40 -0500 (EST) From: "Lance J. Hoffman" <firstname.lastname@example.org> Subject: CFP'94 (fwd) CFP '94 THE FOURTH CONFERENCE ON COMPUTERS, FREEDOM AND PRIVACY MARCH 23-26, 1994 CHICAGO PALMER HOUSE HILTON "CYBERSPACE SUPERHIGHWAYS: ACCESS, ETHICS and CONTROL" SPONSORS ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTING MACHINERY SPECIAL INTERESTS GROUPS ON: COMMUNICATIONS (SIGCOMM) COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY (SIGCAS) SECURITY, AUDIT AND CONTROL (SIGSAC) JOHN MARSHALL LAW SCHOOL, CENTER FOR INFORMATICS LAW PATRONS & SUPPORTERS (as of 15 December 1994) AMERICAN EXPRESS CORP. BAKER & McKENZIE EQUIFAX, INC LEGAL TRUSTEES, JERSEY, LTD. (UK) MOTOROLA, INC NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION (PENDING) WIRED MAGAZINE COOPERATING ORGANIZATIONS AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION SECTION OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION COMPUTER PROFESSIONALS FOR SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ELECTRONIC FRONTIER FOUNDATION GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY INSTITUTE for COMPUTER and TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICY IEEE COMPUTER SOCIETY IEEE-USA COMMITTEE ON COMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION POLICY LIBRARY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ASSOCIATION PRIVACY INTERNATIONAL U.S. PRIVACY COUNCIL UNITED AIRLINES IS THE OFFICIAL AIRLINE FOR CFP'94 Fourth Conference on Computers, Freedom and Privacy Chicago, Il., March 23 - 26, 1994 CFP'94, "Cyberspace Superhighways: Access, Ethics and Control" General Chair George B. Trubow, Center for Informatics Law, John Marshall Law School Executive Committee George B. Trubow, Chair, CFP'94 Lance J. Hoffman, George Washington University, Chair, CFP'92 Bruce Koball, San Francisco, CA, Chair, CFP'93 Conference Treasurer Robert Ashenhurst, University of Chicago Special Promotions Patric Hedlund, Sweet Pea Productions Alan Whaley, The WELL, San Francisco Manager, Volunteers and Conference Office Judi Clark, ManyMedia, Palo Alto Chair, Student Writing Competition Gene Spafford, Purdue University Co-Chairs, Student Scholarship Program John McMullen, Marist College James Thompson, Northern Illinois University Program Committee David Banisar, Computer Professsionals for Social Responsibility Jerry Berman, Electronic Frontier Foundation Robert Belair, Mullenholz and Brimsek Roger Clarke, Australian National Univesity Mike Godwin, Electronic Frontier Foundation Mark Hellmann, Pattishall, McAuliffe Linda Knutson, Library & Information Technology Association Dennis McKenna, Government Technology Magazine Michael Mensik, Baker & McKenzie Ron Plesser, Piper and Marbury Priscilla Regan, George Mason University Lance Rose, LOL Productions Marc Rotenberg, Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility Robert Ellis Smith, Privacy Journal James Thompson, Northern Illinois University Alan F. Westin, Columbia University Conference Administration by John Marshall Law School: Arrangements Director, RoseMarie Knight Publicity & Publications, John McNamara Financial Officer, James Kreminski Program Coordinator, Gary Gassman CYBERSPACE SUPERHIGHWAYS: ACCESS, ETHICS and CONTROL Cyberspace, Information Superhighway, National Information Infrastructure, Open Platforms, Computer and Communications Revolution, Electronic Networks, Digital Data Bases and Information Society are words and phrases common to the rhetoric of our modern era. The relationships between and among individuals, society, nations, government entities and business organizations are in constant flux as new stresses and alliances change the old "rules of the game." Today's challenges are to define what is the "game," who owns the "franchises," who can play, what are the rules and who calls the shots. Information and communications technology raise new issues for freedom and privacy in this new era. Such questions are on the agenda as the participants in CFP'94 consider the alternatives and seek some solutions. Come, join in the dialogue that will help to shape the world's future! PRE-CONFERENCE TUTORIALS On Wednesday March 23, the day before the formal conference begins, CFP '94 is offering a number of in-depth tutorials covering a wide variety of subjects on five parallel tracks. These presentations will be interesting, educational, thought-provoking and often controversial. The tutorials are available at a nominal additional registration cost. CONFERENCE NEWSPAPER On each of the three days of the conference, a daily newspaper will appear to highlight what has transpired and announce important coming events. The staff of "The Decisive Utterance," The John Marshall Law School's student newspaper, is providing this service. CONFERENCE RECEPTION AND TECHNOLOGY DISPLAY On Wednesday evening, from 6:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m., you are invited to meet new and old friends and colleagues at an opening reception at the John Marshall Law School from 6:00 p.m.-9:00 p.m. The School is only two blocks from the conference hotel. A state-of-the-art computer lab will be used to demonstrate high-tech applications in academia and registrants will be invited to take part. SINGLE-TRACK MAIN PROGRAM The technological revolution that is driving change in our society has many facets and we are often unaware of the way they all fit together, especially those parts that lie outside one's own daily experience. An important goal of CFP '94 is to bring together individuals from disparate disciplines and backgrounds and engage them in a balanced discussion of CFP issues. To this end our main program, starting on Thursday, March 24, is on a single track enabling registrants to attend all sessions. The concurrent Birds- of-a-Feather meetings Thursday after 9:15 p.m. are exceptions. BIRDS OF A FEATHER SESSIONS (BoF) CFP '94 will provide a limited number of meeting rooms to interested individuals for informal "Birds of a Feather" sessions after the formal program Thursday, from 9:15 p.m. - 11:15 p.m. These sessions will provide an opportunity for special-interest discussions. For further information or to request a BoF contact CFP '94 Program Coordinator, Gary Gassman, at the John Marshall Law School (email@example.com) MUSEUM OF SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY GALA Registrants are invited to a very special reception and buffet at Chicago's famed Museum of Science and Industry where they also will be treated to a private showing and demonstration of the MSI's newly-opened Communications and Imaging Exhibits. These multi-million dollar presentations occupy 15,000 sq.ft. of museum space and required three years to develop. "Communications" is a panoramic display of how technology has transformed our lives by dissolving distance and and making connections; visitors can even enter the unreal world of virtual reality. "Imaging" is a mindboggling journey through modern applications of imaging technology. Visitors can even play the role of brain surgeon, using radiosurgery made possible by 3-D imaging, or explore imaging in forensic science by using MRI, fingerprint enhancement, face aging and other modern technologies to solve a crime! REGISTRATION WILL BE LIMITED CFP '94 registration will be limited to 550 attendees, so we advise you to register early to assure admission and to take advantage of the early registration discounts. MEALS AND RECEPTIONS A key component of the CFP conferences has been the interaction between the diverse communities that constitute our audience. To promote this interaction CFP '94 provides three luncheons, three receptions and three evening meals with the price of registration. EFF PIONEER AWARDS All conference attendees are invited to the EFF Pioneer Awards Reception sponsored by the Electronic Frontier Foundation on Thursday evening. These, the third annual EFF Pioneer Awards, will be given to individuals and organizations that have made distinguished contributions to the human and technological realms touched by computer-based communications. CONFERENCE BUSINESS OFFICE The Conference business and registration office will be open from 8:00 a.m. until 9:00 p.m. on Wednsday thru Friday, and until 6:00 p.m. on Saturday, for registration and general information. NOTE: The following program content and schedule is subject to change. The Information Superhighway is a fast track! Wednesday, March 23, 1994 Pre-Conference Tutorials 9:00 a.m. - noon Cyberspace Law for Non-Lawyers This tutorial presents an outline of the law for laymen, dealing with Constitutional and legal issues that confront those concerned with privacy, crime, and freedom of expression in cyberspace. There will be summaries of recent cases, legislative proposals and government activities. Mike Godwin, Online Counsel, EFF Rules of the Road for Network Travelers. (CLE Credit Approved) The information superhighway presents a variety of rights and risks. Learn about the legal issues of computer networks, services and bulletin boards, including on-line property rights; protecting personal privacy and business information; electronic publishing and multimedia rights; viruses, adult materials and other no-nos. Lance Rose, Attorney and Author of "Syslaw." Get Mad, Get Motivated, Get Moving! The focus of this panel is on citizen action for privacy protection: how to reach and organize constituents; support legislation or other privacy protection measures; conduct public education activities; use the technology in program activities, etc. Robert Ellis Smith, Privacy Journal Exploring Internet: A Guided Tour This tutorial gives participants a practical introduction to the most popular and powerful applications available via the world's largest computer network, the Internet. There will be hands-on demonstrations of communications tools such as e- mail, conferencing, Internet Relay Chat and resource discover, and navigations aids such as Gopher, WAIS, Archie and World Wide Web. Extensive documentation will be provided. Mark Graham, Pandora Systems Using the Freedom of Information Act The Federal FOIA is the principal focus of this tutorial though some attention is given to the use of state FOIAs. The session will cover procedures for making requests, identifying the information desired, differences between electronic and hard copy responses, and the appeals process within agencies and the courts. David Sobel, Counsel, Computer Professional for Social Responsibility 2:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m. Cryptography: What, and How? Data encryption is in the cyberspace limelight as perhaps the only technique to ensure digital privacy and security; it is also the subject of sharp debate regarding control of the development and use of the technology. This tutorial will display what encryption is, how it works, and some of the options for its use. Computer animations and graphic displays will be used to help make cryptography comprehensible; the audience will engage in some hands-on encryption exercises. Mark Hellmann, Pattishall, McAuliffe et.al, Chicago Electronic Detectives: Critical Issues for Public and Private Investigators. Both governmental and private sector investigators have unprecedented access to "open" sources that were practically inaccessible a few years ago. This information environment poses opportunities and risks that will be the focus of this program. Investigative techniques via networks will be demonstrated and the legal, ethical and practical issues will be explored. Actual case-studies will be utilized. Michael Moran, CCO; Michael Robertson, CFE Hi-Tech Intellectual Property Law Primer (CLE Credit Approved) This panel will cover the special problems in patent, copyright and tradmark law engendered by computers and digital technology, with attention to the impact of recent cases. The differences in European protection will be surveyed as well as technology export restrictions. Raymond Nimmer, University of Texas Law School Leslie A. Bertagnolli, Baker & McKenzie, Chicago Transactional Data Analyses: Making FOI Access Useful Electronic communication, coupled with federal and state Freedom of Information Acts, has made a great deal of data available to the public regarding the activities and policies of government enforcement and regulatory agencies. Knowing how to evaluate and use this information is critical to understanding and demonstrating what the data really means. The Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) of Syracuse University uses its various knowledge-bases to demonstrate the power of transactional data. Colorgraphics and analytic techniques are combined in demonstrations of how otherwise drab statistics can be displayed dramatically to aid in policy analyses and advocacy. David Burnham, former New York Times Investigative Reporter Susan Long, Co-director, TRAC, SUNY-Syracuse Election Fraud and Modern Technology There has been increasing attention, in the U.S. and abroad, to the use of modern technology in the electoral process. Buying votes, stealing votes, changing votes -- whether in the environment of punch-cards or fully automated voting machines -- is the subject of this tutorial. Mock elections will be staged in which the participants have roles in planning to perpetrate as well as prevent vote fraud. Voter registration, phone-based voting, cryptography and verification are among the strategies and technologies to be considered. Russel L. Brand, Reasoning Systems. SPECIAL EVENTS ON WEDNESDAY, Mar. 23: Noon - 4:00 p.m., Privacy International Business Meeting This meeting, at the John Marshall Law School, begins with a buffet luncheon. Non-members interested in learning about P.I. and the Illinois Privacy Council are invited to be guests for lunch and a briefing. Guest space will be limited so attendance on a "first come" basis MUST be confirmed by March 8, 1994. 6:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m. Conference Reception All CFP registrants are invited to a reception and open house demonstrating the John Marshall Law School's recently opened computer lab. This also is an opportunity to "network" the old-fashioned way, meeting old friends and making new ones while enjoying the reception and buffet. This state-of-the-art facility will display information and communications technology being used in the educational environment. Guests also may participate in hands-on demonstrations of the technology under the tutelage of JMLS faculty and staff. 9:15 p.m. - 11:15 p.m. "CFP SOAPBOX SQUARE" On Wednesday, March 23, from 9:15 p.m. to 11:15 p.m., "CFP Soapbox Square" will be open. This is a chance for those who have something to say publicly to say it and to hear response from others! Those interested in making a brief statement (3 minutes) at this meeting must file their request and describe their topics by 5:00 p.m. on Wednesday. Discussion time for various topics will be allocated based upon the number of topics and the number who have asked to speak. Requests to speak can be made at the time of pre-registration or at the conference site. Thursday, March 24, 1994 8:30 a.m., CFP'94 Official Opening Welcome to the Conference: George B. Trubow, General Chair Welcome to Chicago: Hon. Richard M. Daley, Mayor (Invited) 9:00 a.m. Keynote Address: Mr. John Podesta, Assistant to the President, Washington, D.C. 10:00 a.m. Break 10:30 a.m. The Information Superhighway: Politics and the Public Internet. The Administration and Congress propose policies that will lead to a digital multimedia highway. How can the road be built at affordable cost while serving the public interest and our constitutional values? Chair: Jerry Berman, Electronic Frontier Foundation 12:00 p.m. Lunch Speaker: U.S. Senator Paul Simon (Invited) 1:30 p.m. Is It Time for a U.S. Data Protection Agency? Beginning with the Privacy Act of 1974, proposals to establish an oversight body for data protection have been offered but not adopted; another proposal is currently pending in Congress. Against a background of almost twenty years experience under the Privacy Act, the panel will consider whether the current political, economic and technological mileau favors establishment of a data protection agency. Chair: Priscilla M. Regan, George Mason University 2:45 p.m. Break 3:00 p.m. "Owning and Operating the NII: Who, How, When?" The National Information Infrastructure is an important initiative for the present Administration. This panel will explore policy and technical issues such as equity and access, connectivity and standards, funding and regulation, privacy and security, ownership and operation. Chair: Marc Rotenberg, Computer Professionals for Social 4:15 p.m. Break 4:30 p.m. Data Encryption: Who Holds The Keys? Recent attempts, led by federal law enforcment agencies, to control the development and dissemination of strong cyptography programs has engendered considerable discussion and disagreement. The interests of law enforcement agencies may conflict with the need for data security and personal privacy demanded by users of electronic networks. This panel will evaluate proposals to deal with the question. Moderator: Willis Ware, Rand Corporation 5:30 p.m. Adjourn 6:00 p.m. EFF Awards Reception Once again, the Electronic Frontier Foundation hosts a reception prior to its annual Pioneer Awards presentation. All CFP attendees are invited to enjoy the recepiton and congratulate the new honorees. 7:00 p.m. Conference Banquet (Speaker to be announced) 9:15 - 11:15 p.m. "Birds-of-a-Feather" sessions run concurrently. Friday, March 25, 1994. 8:30 a.m. Keynote: David Flaherty, Data Protection Commissioner, Victoria, British Columbia 9:15 a.m. Health Information Policy The Clinton Health Reform Plan, and variations on that theme, stress the use of information technology to help the efficiency and effectiveness of health care. Expert consultation, improved service delivery through new technology, and improvements in the processing of health insurance claims bring promise of cost cuts as well as the possibilities of threats to personal privacy. This panel of experts will form the "CFP Group" to explore these promises and threats. Chair: Robert R. Belair, Mullenholz & Brimsek, Wash., D.C. 10:30 a.m. Break 10:45 a.m. Can Market Mechanisms Protect Consumer Privacy? When does protection of consumer privacy require legal standards and government regulation and when can bargains and agreements in the market suffice? What role do new technological options for individuals and organizations play in facilitating private choice and market transactions? Is "ownership" of personal information a useful concept or a dead end for privacy protection in an information age? Chair: Dr. Alan F. Westin, Columbia University Noon Lunch, Speaker: Philip Zimmerman, PGP 1:30 p.m. Creating an Ethical Community in Cyberspace The fundamental ethical questions posed by the "settlement" of cyberspace are not new. What is new is that the relationship between behavior and the ethical conceptions by which we judge behavior shift and become more ambiguous and vague. This sessions examines the ethical dilemmas brought about by the "colonization" of cyberspace that must be resolved to establish and maintain a stable, humane environment. Chair: Prof. James Thomas, Northern Ilinois University 2:45 p.m. Break 3:00 p.m. Standards for Certifying Computer Professionals The subject of licensing of computer professionals is receiving increased attention by professional organizations and by state legislatures. Both the ACM and IEEE have proposals under study, and perhaps a half-dozen states are considering licensing bills. This panel will consider the pros and cons and suggest some standards for certification. Chair: Donald Gotterbarn, East Tennessee State Univ. 4:15 p.m. Break 4:30 p.m. Hackers and Crackers: Using and Abusing the Networks This session will explore issues surrounding the "fringe" of network use. What can and should be exchanged? Who will monitor "appropriate" use? What's the current difference, if any, between "hacker" and "cracker"? What should be expected and accepted regarding the role of law enforcement agencies? 5:30 p.m. Adjourn 5:45 p.m. Buses begin departing for the Chicago Museum of Science and Industry for a private reception and demonstration at the Communications and Imaging exhibits. 9:00 p.m. Buses begin departing for return to the Palmer House and Chicago's "Loop." Saturday, March 26, 1994 9:00 a.m. The Role of Libraries on the Information Superhighway As the information landscape changes dramatically the historic role of libraries as the "information commons" is challenged. How will the Carnegie ideal of free, public access be implemented by the library community? Should it be? This panel will consider policy for an information network in the public interest. Moderator: Tamara J. Miller, President, Library and Information Technology Association 10:15 a.m. Break 10:30 a.m. International Governance of Cyberspace: New Wine in Old Bottles -- Or Is It Time For New Bottles? Much discussion transpires between members of the Economic Community, the O.E.C.D., the Council of Europe, and the United States, regarding data protection, intellectual property rights, transborder data flow, the mediation of disputes, etc. This panel will consider whether existing mechanisms can solve the problems or a new structure for the governance of cyberspace is needed. Chair: Ronald L. Plesser, Piper and Marbury Noon: Lunch Speaker: Simon Davies, Director General, Privacy International 1:30 p.m. The Electronic Republic: Delivery of Government Services over the Information Superhighway State and local governments use computer networks to deliver a wide range of services and information to the public; electronic "kiosks" are moving to "government by ATM." How will this interaction between government and the people affect the process of American government in the future? Chair: Dennis McKenna, Publisher, "Government Technology." 2:45 p.m. Break 3:00 p.m. Education and NREN, K - 12 Internetworking is a very new technology being rapidly deployed to conventional classrooms, a very old technology. The panel will explore the clash of contradictory assumptions embedded within these systems -- a clash which has profound implications for the future of both the network and the classrooom. Chair: Steven Hodas, NASA NREN Project 4:00 Break 4:15 p.m. Guarding the Digital Persona After this panel has established the threats to personal privacy from individual profiling and target marketing, and a regime to legally recognize and protect an "electronic personality" is put forth, Bruce Sterling will offer to explain why much of that worry is misdirected! Chair: Roger Clarke, Australian National University 5:30 p.m. Adjournment Featured Speakers Confirmed as of 12/15/93 Philip Agre, Dept. of Sociology, U. of Cal., San Diego David Banisar, Computer Professional for Social Responsibility Robert R. Belair, Mullenholz & Brimsek, Washington, D.C. Jerry Berman, Executive Director, Electronic Frontier Foundation Leslie A. Bertagnolli, Baker & McKenzie, Chicago Andrew Blau, The Benton Foundation, Washington, D.C. Dr. Herbert Burkett, GMD, Koln, Germany Jeffrey Chester, Director, Center for Media Education Roger Clarke, College of Commerce, Australian National University Ellen Craig, Commissioner, Illinois Commerce Commission Simon Davies, Director General, Privacy International, London David Flaherty, Data Commissioner, British Columbia Oscar H. Gandy, Media Studies Center, Columbia University Donald Gotterbarn, East Tennessee State University Allan Hammond, New York University Law School Steven Hodas, NASA NREN Project, Washington, D.C. David Johnson, Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering, Washington Steven Kolodney, Dir., Information Technology, State of California Curtis Kurnow, Landels, Ripley & Diamond, San Francisco Kenneth Laudon, School of Information Systems, New York University Lee Ledbetter, HDX Jay Lemke, School of Education, City University of New York Duncan MacDonald, V.P. & Gen. Couns., Citicorp Credit Services Shirley Marshall, Public Sector Marketing, IBM Dennis McKenna, Publisher, Government Technology Magazine Michael Mensik, Baker & McKenzie, Chicago Raymond Nimmer, University of Texas Eli Noam, Columbia University School of Business Michael North, President, North Communications Ronald L. Plesser, Piper and Marbury, Washington, D.C. Marc Rotenberg, Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility Rohan Samarajiva, Department of Communication, Ohio State Univ. David Sobel, Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility Bruce Sterling, Sci-Fi Writer and Journalist, Austin, Texas Connie Stout, Texas Education Network James Thomas, Department of Sociology, Northern Illinois University Greg Tucker, Head of the Business School, Monash Univ., Australia Bruce Umbaugh, Old Dominion University Patricia Valey, Acting Director, Office of Consumer Affairs Maarten van Swaay, Dept. of Computer Science, Kansas State U. Daniel Weitzner, Sr. Staff Counsel, Electronic Frontier Foundation Alan Westin, Columbia University Christine Zahorik, Staff, Senate Committee on REGISTRATION Register for the conference by returning the Registration Form along with the appropriate payment. The registration fee includes conference materials, three luncheons (Thursday, Friday and Saturday), a reception, open house and buffet (Wednesday), a reception and banquet (Thursday), and a gala reception and buffet at the Museum of Science and Industry. Payment must accompany registration. REGISTRATION FEES If paid by: 7 February 8 March On Site Early Regular Late Conference Fees $315 $370 $420 Tutorial Fees $145 $175 $210 Conf. & Tutorial $460 $545 $630 Save by Registering Early! FP '94 SCHOLARSHIPS The Fourth Conference on Computers, Freedom and Privacy (CFP '94) will provide a limited number of full registration scholarships for students and other interested individuals. These scholarships will cover the full costs of registration, including luncheons, two banquets, and all conference materials. Scholarship recipients will be responsible for their own lodging and travel expenses. Persons wishing to apply for one of these fully-paid registrations should contact CFP '94 Scholarship Chair: John F. McMullen CFP '94 Scholarship Committee Perry Street Jefferson Valley, NY 10535 Phone: (914) 245-2734 or email firstname.lastname@example.org HOTEL ACCOMMODATIONS CFP'94 will be held at the Palmer House Hilton, a venerable Chicago landmark in the "Loop." This spacious and comfortable facility is easily accessible from the O'Hare International and Chicago Midway airports, and is only 2 blocks from The John Marshall Law School. Special conference rates of $99/night, single or multiple occupancy, are available. Our room block is guaranteed only until March 1, 1994, so we urge you to make your reservations as early as possible. When calling for reservations, please be sure to mention CFP'94 to obtain the conference rate. Hotel Reservations: Palmer House Hilton, 17 E. Monroe, Chicago, Il., 60603. Tel: 312-726-7500; 1-800-HILTONS; Fax, 312-263-2556 REFUND POLICY Refund requests received in writing by March 8, 1994 will be honored. A $50 cancellation fee will be applied. No refunds will be made after this date; however, registrants may designate a substitute. OFFICIAL AIRLINE CFP'94 is proud to have United Airlines -- Chicago's Own -- as our own exclusive official airline! United will give our conferees a 5% discount off any published United or United Express airfare, including First Class, or 10% off the new BUA fare when purchased at least a week in advance of travel. Call toll-free 1-800-521- 4041 to make reservations and be sure to give our CFP'94 ID Number: 541QI. REGISTRATION NAME (Please Print) TITLE AFFILIATION MAILING ADDRESS CITY, STATE, ZIP TELEPHONE E-MAIL PRIVACY LOCKS: We will not sell, rent. loan, exchange or use this information for any purpose other than official Computers, Freedom and Privacy Conference activities. A printed roster containing this information will be distrusted at the conference. Please indicate if you wish information to be excluded from the roster: ( ) Print only name, affiliation and phone no. ( ) Print name only ( ) Omit my name from the roster ( ) I would like to attend the Privacy International luncheon and briefing at noon on Wednesday, March 23. (Your attendance as a guest of P.I. and the Illinois Privacy Council MUST be confirmed by March 8, and is on a "first come" basis.) "CFP Soapbox Square" ( ) I would like to make a formal statement (3 mins.) during "CFP Soapbox Square" to be held from 9:15 p.m. - 11:15 p.m. on March 23. My topic: ( ) I plan to attend "Soapbox Square" but do not wish to make a prepared statement, though I may join in the discussion. REGISTRATION FEES If paid by: 7 February 8 March On Site Early Regular Late Conference Fees $315 $370 $420 Tutorial Fees $145 $175 $210 Conf. & Tutorial $460 $545 $630 Note: If you have registered for the Tutorials, please select one from each group: 9:00 A.M. - 12:00 NOON ( ) Cyberspace Law for Non-Lawyers ( ) Rules of the Road for Network Travelers (CLE Credit) ( ) Citizen Action: Get Mad, Met Motivated, Get Moving! ( ) Exploring Internet: A Guided Tour ( ) Using FOIA 2:00 P.M. - 5:00 P.M. ( ) Cryptography: What, and How? ( ) Introduction to Hi-Tech Law (CLE Credit) ( ) TRAC: Evaluative Data Analysis ( ) The Electronic Detective" Online Investigations ( ) Electoral Fraud PAYMENTS TOTAL AMOUNT Please indicated method of payment: ( ) Check (payable to JMLS-CFP '94) ( ) VISA ( ) MasterCard Credit Card # Expiration Date Name on Card Signature *-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-* "Computers, Freedom & Privacy '94", The John Marshall Law School 315 South Plymouth Court, Chicago, Illinois 60604 e-mail = email@example.com voice = 312/987-1419 General Chair: Conference Coordinator: George B. Trubow Gary L. Gassman e-mail = firstname.lastname@example.org e-mail = email@example.com ------------------------------ End of PRIVACY Forum Digest 03.03 ************************
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